Planlama Dergisi
Su Korkusu Konusunda Bir nceleme: Kadky rnei [Planning]
Planning. 2018; 28(3): 315-327 | DOI: 10.14744/planlama.2018.82787

Su Korkusu Konusunda Bir nceleme: Kadky rnei

Nilgn olpan Erkan1, Beril SEVN2
1Yldz Teknik niversitesi, Mimarlk Fakltesi, ehir ve Blge Planlama Blm, stanbul
2Kadky Belediyesi, stanbul

Su korkusu, kiinin bir suun maduru olacana ilikin yaad korku veya endie olarak tarif edilmektedir. Bireyin yaam biimini etkiledii gibi toplumsal dzeni de bozan bir durum olan su korkusu bu nedenle geni kapsaml, karmak ve bir o kadar da nemli bir sorundur. zellikle kalabalk kentlerde su korkusu meknsal kaynakl olmasnn yan sra sosyal, psikolojik pek ok faktre baldr. Birey tehlike ve tehdit altnda olmasa bile su korkusu hissedebilmektedir. Bu da su korkusu kavramn kentsel bir fenomen haline getirmektedir.
Su korkusu kentlerdeki gvenli yaam tehdit eden su ile ilikili ama ksmen de sutan bamsz bir olgudur. Yaplan aratrmalara gre su oranlarnn art ile su korkusunda art saptanrken, su oranlarndaki azalma, su korkusunda ayn paralelde bir azalmaya neden olmamaktadr. Bu sre de su korusu konusunda etkili baka faktrlerin olduunu gstermektedir.
Bu almada stanbulun en gvenli ilk ilesinden bir olan Kadkyn merkezinde Kadkyde yaayanlar, alanlar ile ziyaretilerin su korkusu aratrlmtr. zellikle hangi zaman dilimi, ne tr meknsal zellikler ve durumlarn su korkusuna neden olduu saptanmaya allmtr. Bunlar saptayabilmek adna alma alannda farkl zamanlarda gzlem yaplm ve meknn kullanclar ile 387 anketten oluan bir alma yrtlmtr. Bu almada katlmclara Kadkyde hangi amala ve hangi zaman aralnda bulunduklar sorulmu, devamnda kendilerinde korku oluturan durumlar ve meknlar deerlendirmeleri istenmitir.
Elde edilen sonularn byk blm uluslararas yaznda sz edilen yaklamlarla rtmektedir. Kullanclarn iinde bulunduklar meknsal koullar yorumlayarak algya dayal bir risk deerlendirmesi yaptklar ve buna bal karanlk ve sszln su korkusunu arttrd grlmektedir. Ayrca gvensizlik duygusunun ziyaretiler tarafndan daha ok hissedildii gibi konular dorulanrken, duvar yazlar gibi baz meknsal zelliklerin Kadkyde su korkusuna ok da fazla etki etmedii saptanmtr. Bu sonulara ek olarak anket almasndan elde edilen verilere gre Kadkyde su korkusu konusunda tedbir alnmas gereken yerler belirlenmi, bu konudaki Kadkyller ile ziyaretilerin farkl hissedip hissetmedikleri ve nedenleri anlalmaya allmtr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kadky, korkuya neden olan koullar; meknsal ltler; risk algs; su korkusu.

An Examination of Fear of Crime: Kadky Example

Nilgn olpan Erkan1, Beril SEVN2
1Yldz Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, stanbul
2Kadky Municipality, stanbul

Fear of crime is described as a fear or anxiety of becoming a victim of a crime. The fear of crime affects the way of life of the individual, is therefore a comprehensive, complicated and an important problem. It is not only a spatial matter but is also connected to social and psychological factors. This makes the concept of fear of crime an urban phenomenon. Fear of crime is associated with crime that threatens the safe life in cities, but is also partly independent of the crime itself. According to researches, the decrease in crime rates do not lead to a decrease in fear of crime in the same parallel. This process shows that there are other factors influencing the fear of crime.
In this study, fear of crime has been researched on people who live, work or are visiting Kadky, one of the top three safest districts in Istanbul. The study focuses on the time zone, spatial features and situations to determine causes of fear of crime. In order to be able to identify that, observations were made in the field of study and a study of 387 survey was conducted with the users of the site. In this study participants were asked what purpose and what time interval they were in Kadky, and they were desired to evaluate the situations and places that create fear in them.
Most of the results are confirmed the issues mentioned in the international literature. By the interpreting the spatial conditions in which the users exist, its seen that they make a risk assessment based on perception and that darkness and despair related to it increase the fear of crime. While issues such as feeling of insecurity are confirmed more by visitors, a few spatial measures were found not to have much effect on the fear of crime in Kadky. In addition to these, according to the results obtained from the questionnaire survey, places where measures should be taken about the fear of crime in Kadky have been determined and it has been tried to understand if the residents and visitors feel differently.

Keywords: Kadky, conditions of fear, fear of crime; spatial parameters; risk assessment.

Nilgn olpan Erkan, Beril SEVN. An Examination of Fear of Crime: Kadky Example. Planning. 2018; 28(3): 315-327

Sorumlu Yazar: Nilgn olpan Erkan, Trkiye
Makale Dili: Trke
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