Planlama Dergisi
Kentsel Gvenliin Salanmasnda Tasarm Rehberleri [Planning]
Planning. 2022; 32(1): 162-173 | DOI: 10.14744/planlama.2021.36036

Kentsel Gvenliin Salanmasnda Tasarm Rehberleri

Tuba Koca, Nilgn olpan Erkan
Yldz Teknik niversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstits, ehir ve Blge Planlama Anabilim Dal, stanbul

Kentsel yaam ierisinde gvenliin salanmas ncelikli ihtiyalardan biridir. Dnya kentlerinde gvenliin salanmasnda, emniyet glerinin su nleyici almalar yan sra evresel tasarm yoluyla su nlenme almalar da gerekletirilmektedir. Yaplan aratrmalar meknsal dzenleme ile baz sulara kar nlemler alnabileceini ve bu ekilde ksmen su ve su korkusunun azaltlabileceini gstermektedir. Buna dayanarak Dnyada su nleme ve gvenlik salamada evresel Tasarm Yoluyla Su nleme (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design - CPTED) rehberlerinin kullanld grlmektedir. Bu almada da kentsel tasarm rehberleri iinde yer alan, tematik rehberlerden olan, CPTED rehberleri konu edilmektedir. almada ncelikle ksaca kentlerdeki su ve su korkusuna ilikin, kentsel gvenliin salanmasnda ne kan yaklamlar ele alnmtr. Bu yaklamlardan ortaya kan tasarm rehberlerine odaklanlmtr. Bu balamda Bat Avustralya ile Virginia Beach rehberleri olmak zere, iki adet gvenlik odakl kentsel tasarm rehberi incelenmitir. Avusturalya rehberi geni kapsaml, eyalet leinde bir rehber olmas ve alt rehberlerin hazrlanmasna ilikin ilkeleri de iermesi nedeniyle; Virginia Beach rehberi ise daha yerel lekte bir rehber olmas sebebiyle seilmitir. Bu rehberler amalar, kapsamlar, paydalar, teknikleri ve ilkeleri balamnda karlatrlmtr. Trkiyede henz kentsel gvenliin salanmasna ynelik bir planl bir evresel tasarm veya rehber almas yaplmad grlmektedir. Bu nedenle farkl lekteki iki rehberden salanan bilgilenme ile Trk kentleri iin kurgulanacak evresel tasarm yoluyla su nleme rehberi konusunda neriler ele alnmaktadr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: CPTED, evresel tasarm yoluyla su nleme, kentsel gvenlik kuramlar, kentsel tasarm rehberi.

Design Guidelines for Urban Safety

Tuba Koca, Nilgn olpan Erkan
Yldz Technical University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of City and Regional Planning, Istanbul

Ensuring security in urban life is one of the primary needs. In ensuring security in the cities around the world, crime prevention activities through environmental designs are carried out as well as the crime prevention efforts of the police forces. Researches shows that spatial arrangements can create prevention against some crimes, therefore crime and fear of crime can be partially reduced as well. Based on this finding, it is seen that Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design - CPTED Guides are used around the world in crime prevention and security. In this study, CPTED Guides, one of the thematic guides included in the urban design guides, are discussed. Firstly, the study briefly discusses the prominent approaches in ensuring urban security, regarding crime and fear of crime in cities. It focuses on the design guidelines that emerge from these approaches. In this context, two safety-oriented urban design guides, Western Australia and Virginia Beach Guides, were reviewed. The Australian Guide was chosen due to the fact that it is a comprehensive, state-level guide and it includes the principles for the preparation of sub-guides; whereas the choice of The Virginia Beach Guide was due to its local scale. These guides were compared in terms of their purpose, scope, stakeholders, techniques and principles. It is seen that, in Turkey, there has not been a planned or organized environmental design or a study for a guide on urban security yet. For this reason, the information provided by these two guides of different scales are taken into consideration for recommendations on a crime prevention through environmental design guide for Turkish cities.

Keywords: CPTED, crime prevention through environmental design, urban safety theories, urban design guidelines.

Tuba Koca, Nilgn olpan Erkan. Design Guidelines for Urban Safety. Planning. 2022; 32(1): 162-173

Sorumlu Yazar: Tuba Koca, Trkiye
Makale Dili: Trke
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