Planlama Dergisi
Bir Planlama rnei Olarak Ky Enstitleri Deneyimi [Planning]
Planning. 2018; 28(3): 261-281 | DOI: 10.14744/planlama.2018.32548

Bir Planlama rnei Olarak Ky Enstitleri Deneyimi

Gul Simsek1, CANSIN MERCANOLU2
1Atatrk niversitesi, ehir ve Blge Planlama Blm, Erzurum
2Orta Dou Teknik niversitesi, ehir Planlama Lisansst Program, Ankara

Ky Enstitleri, Cumhuriyetin ilannn ardndan modernleme srecine giren Trkiyenin tarihinde, krdan balayan bir kalknma vizyonuna sahip planl bir eitim hamlesinin en etkin zneleridirler. Uzun yllar sren bir ulusal savan ardndan, lkenin yksek oranda bir krsal nfusa ve dk bir eitim dzeyine sahip olduu gz nnde bulundurularak, kra ncelik veren eitim odakl bir kalknma planlanmtr. O dnemin aydnlanma ruhu ile ky enstitleri vizyonu bir araya gelerek lke sathnda 1940-1948 yllar arasnda 21 blgede ky enstitleri kurulmutur. Ky enstitleri kurulu kararnn arkasnda, bu yorgun fakat kararl lkenin iinde bulunduu koullarn geni bir analizinin izleri bulunmaktadr. Tm ky enstitleri; ada kltrel, bilimsel ve uygulamal bilgilerin saland ortamlar olmalarnn yansra yere zg isel kaynaklardan beslenmeleri ile kalknmann lokomotiflerinden olmulardr. Ky enstitleri; ibirlii ile gerekleen yapm sreleri, teorinin yansra uygulamaya ve retime verdikleri yer, kamps organizasyonlar, zgn eitim modelleri, planl geliim sreleri, bulunduklar yreye ve lkeye olan katklar gibi nitelikler ile, allm eitim kurumlarndan farkllaan bir yere sahiptirler. lkesel ve blgesel planlamadan sorumlu bir kuruluun olmad bir dnemde, dnemin eitimden sorumlu bakanl; dnya iin ok yeni bir eitim anlayn lkeye tantm olmann yansra, eitim kurumlarnn yer seimlerinde blgesel bazl bir ngry gelitirmitir. Bu noktada almann temel amac; ky enstitlerini, enstitlerin kuruluunda gzetilmi olan planl yaklam zerinden deerlendirmektir. Aratrma; o dneme ait belgeler ile ky enstitleri zerine yaplm almalardan derlenen yazl ve grsel kaynaklar nda srdrlmektedir. Ortaya kan sonular; yere zg dinamiklerinin ortaya karlmasn bekleyen blgeler ncelikli olmak zere, ulusal ve blgesel lekte bir planlama vizyonuna sahip eitim yaklamlar iin bugn de yol gsterici niteliktedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Blge, eitim; kalknma; ky; ky enstits; planlama.

The Village Institutes Experience of Turkey as a Planning Case Itself

Gul Simsek1, CANSIN MERCANOLU2
1Department of City and Regional Planning, Atatrk University, Erzurum
2City Planning Graduate Program, Middle East Technical University, Ankara

Village institutes are the active subjects of planned education movement having development vision that rose from villages in the history of Turkey, which entered in the process of modernism with the proclamation of the Republic. After a national war extended for many years, a development giving precedence to the villages and focusing on education was planned by taking into consideration of high level of rural population and low level of education in the country. The spirit of enlightenment and the vision of rural institutes came together, and 21 village institutes were founded throughout the country between 1940 and 1948. On the background of founding village institutes, there are the marks of a comprehensive analysis of the conditions of this exhausted but determined country. All the village institutes were the locomotives of development by virtue of the fact that feed by endogenous resources alongside the contemporary cultural, scientific, and applied knowledge they provided. Village institutes have unique features in comparison with the usual educational institutions such as their collaborative construction processes, emphasis on practicing and producing they placed besides theoretical information, spatial organization of campuses, precious education models, planned development processes, their contributions to the locality and the country as well. When there was no public institution responsible for national and regional planning, the ministry responsible for education developed a regional-based vision while deciding the locations of these institutions, besides it introduced an education approach to the country that was very new for the world. At this point, the main purpose of this research is to evaluate the village institutes regarding the planned approach that had been taken into consideration in their establishment process. The research is conducted through the records concerning that period, and the written and visual documents compiled from the studies carried on about the village institutes. The results reached have a guiding role even for today for the regions primarily waiting for their local-specific dynamics to be revealed, and also for educational approaches those have a planning vision at national and regional levels.

Keywords: Development, education; planning; region; village; village institute.

Gul Simsek, CANSIN MERCANOLU. The Village Institutes Experience of Turkey as a Planning Case Itself. Planning. 2018; 28(3): 261-281

Sorumlu Yazar: Gul Simsek, Trkiye
Makale Dili: Trke
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