Site ve Mahalle Yerleimlerinde Ak Alan Oyunlarnn Karlatrlmas: Tekirda rnei [Planning]
Planning. 2018; 28(3): 348-365 | DOI: 10.14744/planlama.2018.24008

Site ve Mahalle Yerleimlerinde Ak Alan Oyunlarnn Karlatrlmas: Tekirda rnei

Okan Tandoan
Namk Kemal niversitesi, Gzel Sanatlar ve Tasarm Fakltesi, Mimarlk Blm, Tekirda

Gnmzde bahe, bo alanlar ve zellikle sokak gibi ak alanlarda oyun oynayan ocuk says, ocuk oyunlar ve oyun sresi azalm, ocuk oyunlar deimitir. ocuklar nceki kuaklara gre bata sokak olmak zere ak alanlarda daha az oyun oynamaktadr. Bunun nedenleri ocuklarn televizyon ve dijital medyaya bamll, ebeveynlerin kentsel mekanda su ve gvenlik konusundaki endieleri olarak sralanabilir. Ancak kentlerde konut-sokak btnlnn bozulmas bahsedilen bu olumsuz deiimin en nemli nedenlerinden birisidir. Kentlerde otomobil odakl kentsel tasarmlar yannda youn olarak gvenlikli sitelerin inas ile mahalle dokusundan giderek uzaklalmakta, sokaklar ortadan kaldrlmaktadr.
Bu almann amac sokak dokusunun olmad gvenlikli siteler ve geleneksel sokak dokusunu koruyan mahalle yerleimlerinde yaayan ocuklarn ak alanda oyun oynamak iin geirdikleri srenin, oyun oynamak iin seilen mekanlarn ve oynanan oyunlarnn farkllap farkllamadnn belirlenmesidir.
alma alan olarak Tekirdaa odaklanlmtr. alma kapsamnda, Tekirdada gvenlikli sitelerin youn olduu bir mahalle olan Hrriyet Mahallesi ve mahalle ve geleneksel sokak dokusunu yaatan blge olan narl Mahallesi seilmi bu mahallelerde yer alan birer ilkokulda ocuklarla anket almas yaplmtr.
almann sonucunda yaanlan yerleme alanna gre ak alanda oyun oynamak iin geirilen srenin, oyun oynamak iin tercih edilen alann farkllat grlmtr. Mahalle yerleiminde yaayan ocuklar sitede yaayan ocuklardan daha fazla darda oyun oynamak iin zaman geirmektedir. Mahalle yerleimlerinde yaayan ocuklar oyun oynamak iin en ok soka tercih etmektedirler. Gvenlikli sitelerde yaayan ocuklarn ulaamadklar mekanlarn banda ise sokak gelmektedir. Gvenlikli sitelerde yaayan ocuklar oyun oynamak iin evin bahesi, sitenin iinde yer alan ocuk oyun alan ve sitenin iinde yer alan yeil alanlar tercih etmektedir. Yerleme trne gre ocuklarn oyun trleri yalnzca atlama, srama, sekme ve denge oyunlarnda farkllamakta, bu tr oyunlar mahalle yerleimlerinde yaayan ocuklarca tercih edilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: ocuk oyunlar, gvenlikli site; mahalle; sokak.

A Comparision of Childrens Outdoor Games in Gated Communities and Non-Gated Residential Neighbourhoods: The Case of Tekirda

Okan Tandoan
Namk Kemal Universty, Faculty of Fine Arts, Design and Architecture, Department of Architecture

In todays world, the number of children playing in open outdoor spaces like gardens, open spaces and especially streets, and childrens games and playing time have shrunk drastically and childrens games have changed. Compared to previous generations, children spend less time playing in open areas, particularly, in streets. Reasons like television and digital media addictions, parents fear of crime and security in urban spaces repress children from open outdoor spaces. However, the most significant reason is loss of integrity between residences and streets. Due to the growth in the construction of gated communities along with automobile-oriented urban planning, the culture of traditional neighborhood and street texture have almost disappeared.
The objective of the present study is to identify whether the time children spent in open spaces, childrens play areas and childrens games differentiate according to the types of settlements children live in, namely, gated communities where the traditional street texture no longer exists and non-gated residential neighborhoods where the traditional street texture still lives.
Tekirda province was selected as study area. In the context of the study, Hrriyet Neighborhood, where large number of gated communities take place, and narl Neighborhood, where neighborhood and traditional street textures still live, were chosen. In the study, a survey was conducted and correspondingly one primary school from each neighborhood was included to the study and students studying in these schools participated the survey.
As a result of the study, it was observed that the time spent in open spaces and childrens play areas differentiated according to the types of settlements. Children living in neighborhoods spend more time playing outdoors when compared to children living in gated communities. Children living in neighborhoods mostly prefer playing in the street. On the other hand, street is one of the leading spaces that children cannot access. Children living in gated communities prefer playing in their own gardens or playgrounds and green spaces in gated communities.

Keywords: Childrens play, gated community; neighborhood; street.

Okan Tandoan. A Comparision of Childrens Outdoor Games in Gated Communities and Non-Gated Residential Neighbourhoods: The Case of Tekirda. Planning. 2018; 28(3): 348-365

Sorumlu Yazar: Okan Tandoan, Trkiye
Makale Dili: Trke
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