Kentsel Dnm ncesi Kentsel Yaam Kalitesi Aratrmasna Ynelik Yntem nerisi ve Ataehir Barbaros Mahallesi rneklemi [Planning]
Planning. 2015; 25(2): 93-106 | DOI: 10.5505/planlama.2015.09709

Kentsel Dnm ncesi Kentsel Yaam Kalitesi Aratrmasna Ynelik Yntem nerisi ve Ataehir Barbaros Mahallesi rneklemi

Deniz Erdem Okumu, Engin Eyp Eybolu
stanbul Teknik niversitesi, Mimarlk Fakltesi, ehir Ve Blge Planlamas Blm, stanbul

1999 Marmara Depremi, zellikle stanbulda kentsel dnm kavramn her ynyle tartmaya am olup; 2012 tarihinde yrrle giren, 6306 sayl Afet Riski Altndaki Alanlarn Dntrlmesi Hakknda Kanun ve uygulama ynetmelikleri ise kentsel dnm faaliyetlerine hz kazandrmtr. Faaliyetler kapsamnda, kent merkezinde ilevini yitirmi, eitli ekillerde bozulmaya uram afet riski tayan alanlarn/binalarn yannda; kent eperlerinde, ounlukla 1990l yllarda imar slah planlar ile merulatrlm alanlarn da dnm sz konusu olmaktadr. Ne var ki, doal afet riski seviyesinin yksek ve kentsel yaam kalitesi seviyesinin dk olduu durumlarda, kentsel riskleri azaltarak yaam kalitesini arttrmak, kentleri yeniden canlandrmak ve yenilemek zere bavurulmas gereken kentsel dnmn, sz konusu yasa ve ynetmeliklerinden hareketle gerekletirilmeye allan uygulamalarnn, arazi gelitirme projelerinin bir arac gibi kullanld, toplumda yaygn bir kan haline gelmitir. Bunun nedeni mevcutta dahi yetersiz olan kamusal meknlar ve sosyal donat alanlarnn, sz konusu kanun erevesinde arttrlan imar haklar ile ngrlen nfus artna karlk sabit kalmas; daha da tesinde farkl fonksiyonlarda yerleime alabilmesi durumu ile daha da yetersiz hale getirilmesidir. Ayrca, yaplacak uygulamalarn kentlerdeki yaam kalitesi seviyesini ykseltmek yerine drecei; doal afet zararlarn azaltmaya alrken sosyal afet risklerini arttraca ynnde pheleri gndeme getirmitir.
Bu alma kapsamnda, dnm srecinin balangc olarak, proje alannn kentsel yaam kalitesi asndan mevcut durum incelemelerinin yaplarak sosyal ve fiziksel gerekliliklerin belirlenmesi ve kentsel dnm projelerinin buna ynelik olarak gelitirilmesi dncesi ne karlmaktadr. Buradan yola karak; 6 temel alan altnda snflandrlm, 81 adet kantitatif ve kalitatif gsterge nda dnm ncesi kentsel yaam kalitesi aratrma yntem nerisi ortaya koyulmaktadr. Ortaya konan model, afet odakl kentsel dnm proje almalarnn halen devam ettii, stanbul Ataehir lesi Barbaros Mahallesinde gerekletirilmi olup; etkili ve srdrlebilir kentsel dnm projeleri retme konusunda uygulama alanna da katkda bulunaca dnlmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: kentsel dnm, kentsel yaam kalitesi, sosyal donat alanlar, kantitatif gstergeler, kalitatif gstergeler, stanbul, Ataehir.

A Pre-application Method For Urban Regeneration Projects By Using Qualitative and Quantitative Indicators of Urban Quality of Life in Istanbul, Atasehir Barbaros Neighborhood

Deniz Erdem Okumu, Engin Eyp Eybolu
Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

The Marmara Earthquake in 1999 brought urban regeneration up for discussion, and the activities has been accelerated by the new law of urban regeneration for risky areas (Law No: 6306) since 2012, especially in Istanbul. As for the activities, not only the city centers lost their functions and the areas destroyed in several ways, the legitimated areas in the 1990s have also been regenerated at the city surroundings because of their unhealthy conditions. However, despite of the purpose of urban regeneration to increase the level of quality of life by decreasing urban risks, it is considered that the projects planned to be implemented nowadays are used as a tool for land development. For instance, within the framework of the law, upsizing the development rights of parcels may be possible to encourage investors for urban regeneration, and currently insufficient public facilities and urban services such as education, health, cultural and recreational facilities may be left constant regardless of the fact that population rise. Furthermore, facilities may be a subject of a functional transformation to yielding functions like residential and commercial units. Thus, some doubts have been raised about such applications will reduce the level of life quality instead of improving and increase the risk of social disasters meanwhile trying to reduce natural disaster risks. This paper argues that the areas or neighborhoods should be analyzed for urban quality of life, for social and physical requirements of current situations before producing the urban regeneration projects. Within this context, a sort of analyze method is propounded by 81 qualitative and quantitative indicators which are existed on intersection of urban life quality and urban regeneration. In the light of spatial values and personal assessments the current level of quality of life requirements are identified. In addition to the spatial perception of people, perceptions and expectations about the urban transformation have been questioned and satisfaction level was determined on sample applications. Proposed method has been used in Atasehir Barbaros Neighborhood, and it is going to contribute producing effective and sustainable urban regeneration projects.

Keywords: urban regeneration, urban quality of life, urban facilities, public services, quantitative indicators, qualitative indicators, stanbul, Atasehir.

Deniz Erdem Okumu, Engin Eyp Eybolu. A Pre-application Method For Urban Regeneration Projects By Using Qualitative and Quantitative Indicators of Urban Quality of Life in Istanbul, Atasehir Barbaros Neighborhood. Planning. 2015; 25(2): 93-106

Sorumlu Yazar: Deniz Erdem Okumu, Trkiye
Makale Dili: Trke
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