1999 Depremlerinin Ardndan Planlama Mevzuat zerine Bir Deerlendirme [Planning]
Planning. 2022; 32(1): 47-56 | DOI: 10.14744/planlama.2021.48569

1999 Depremlerinin Ardndan Planlama Mevzuat zerine Bir Deerlendirme

Ezgi Orhan
ankaya niversitesi Mimarlk Fakltesi, ehir ve Blge Planlama Blm, Ankara

lkenin nfusu en yksek, en kentlemi ve sanayilemi blgesi olan Marmara Blgesinde yaanan 1999 Depremlerinin ardndan geni lekli iyiletirme almalar balatlm, merkezi ve yerel ynetimlerin yan sra pek ok kurum ve sivil toplum bu almalarn paras haline gelmitir. Ancak, 1999 Depremlerinin ykc etkileri karsnda afet politikalarn ynlendiren yasal erevenin kstll anlaldndan bu alanda nemli admlar atlmtr. te yandan, uluslararas dzeyde risk ynetimini benimseyen bir yaklam gelimesi, lkeleri afet ynetimlerini biimlendiren politikalarn ve yasal dzenlemelerini gzden geirmeleri gerekliliini tetiklemitir. Bu ihtiyatan hareketle alma, lkemizdeki afet politikalarn ekillendiren mevzuat ve sre iindeki deiimlerini mekansal planlamay nasl ynlendirdiini incelemektedir. Risk azaltma amacyla son 20 ylda kentsel planlama mevzuatna eklenen yasal dzenlemelerin neler olduu, ama ve kapsamlar ele alnmtr. Bu dorultuda, 5393 sayl Belediye Yasasnn 73. Maddesi, 5366 sayl Ypranan Tarihi ve Kltrel Tanmaz Varlklarn Yenilenerek Korunmas ve Yaatlarak Kullanlmas Hakknda Kanun, 6306 sayl Afet Riski Altndaki Alanlarn Dntrlmesi Hakknda Kanun ve 3194 Sayl mar Kanununun Geici 16. Maddesi (mar Bar) kentsel riskleri azaltma politikalarn biimlendiren ana dzenlemeler olup, alma kapsamnda deerlendirilmitir. Bu alma, ykm gren alanlarn iyiletirilmesinin yan sra kentsel riskleri azaltma amacyla oluturulan yasal dzenlemelerin uygulanmasna ilikin sorunlar ve eletirileri ortaya koymaktadr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Afet planlamas, afet riski azaltma; planlama mevzuat.

An Evaluation on Planning Legislation Following the 1999 Earthquakes

Ezgi Orhan
ankaya University Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Ankara

Following the 1999 Earthquakes stricken Marmara Region, as the most populated, urbanized and industrialized region of the country, large-scale recovery efforts have been initiated; and in addition to central and local administrations, many institutions and civil societies have become the part of these studies. However, in the face of the devastating effects of the 1999 Earthquakes, significant steps have been taken in legal framework due to its limitedness in guiding disaster policies. Besides, development of the risk management approach at the international level has triggered countries to review their policies and legal regulations shaping their disaster management. Based on this need, the study examines the legislation that shapes the disaster policies and guides spatial planning in our country and its change in the meantime. The legal regulations that have been added to the urban planning legislation in the last 20 years for the purpose of risk mitigation have been discussed. To this end, Article 73 of the Municipality Law (no. 5393), Law on Conservation of Deteriorating Historic and Cultural Property through Renewal and Re-use (no. 5366), Law on the Transformation of Areas at Disaster Risk (no. 6306), and Temporary Article 16 of Development Law (no. 3194) (Peace of Reconstruction) are determined as the main regulation shaping policies for reducing urban risks, and evaluated within the scope of the study. Therefore, this study puts forward the problems and criticisms regarding the implementation of legal arrangements established for the purpose of mitigating urban risks as well as recovery of the disaster-prone areas.

Keywords: Disaster planning, disaster risk reduction; planning legislation.

Ezgi Orhan. An Evaluation on Planning Legislation Following the 1999 Earthquakes. Planning. 2022; 32(1): 47-56

Sorumlu Yazar: Ezgi Orhan, Trkiye
Makale Dili: Trke
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